Life on Earth began to end about 2.5 billion years ago. Photosynthetic organisms began to flourish using sunlight. The reason behind this global cataclysm was such a thing without which it is impossible to imagine life today and that was oxygen. Such creatures who were able to use it, only that remained on the earth and it started turning into poison for the rest of the creatures already spread. Professor Timathi Waring of the University of Maine of America believes that the earth is once again on the path of the same catastrophe and this time humans are in the place of photosynthetic organisms.
lockdown gave relief
With the spread of the corona virus epidemic, the steps of the economies of the world came to a halt. Along with this the air we breathe itself breathed a sigh of relief. According to a study published in the journal Earth System Science Data, a group of scientists monitoring emissions found that carbon dioxide emissions in the year 2020 were 34 billion metric tons, up from 36.4 billion metric tons in 2019. He believed that this decline was seen due to people staying in their homes, traveling less by car and plane.
What is the biggest problem?
On the other hand, there was a huge opposition to sacrificing the economy to stop the epidemic. Obviously, this method is not used for combat anyway. Yes, for this the thing that is being focused for a long time is sustainable development. Professor Waring has a perfect theory for this, which links the development of the culture of human society with the sustainable development. The biggest problem in the path of sustainable development is the situation of social dilemma. Why is it so difficult to fully achieve sustainable development? Waring’s theory revolves around when and how the attitudes of people and institutions are sustainable. “Current research identifies what types of behavior and institutions are necessary to achieve sustainability,” he explains. This is where his theory comes in handy.
My gain, society’s loss
Why does this dilemma, called the Social Dilemma, arise? Waring explains, ‘Most of the environmental problems are group’s. Where there are resources to be shared, a dilemma arises if my use is hurting you. One person is benefiting but the rest lose and in the long run that process can be harmful. It also runs the risk of not achieving sustainable development. Therefore, it is important for the groups to learn a consistent attitude.
Whose fault is it in all this?
According to Waring, campaigns being run in many places like America in which every person is motivated to take action, reduce waste, save energy, is a waste of hard work. In response to why this is so, he explains, ‘It is necessary to change everyone’s attitude, but to target him as the root of the problem is wrong, it is wrong. His advice is to focus on the behavior of groups. Institutions should make rules for major changes such as changes in policies. Excessive use of resources should be stopped, green lifestyle should be easy to adopt, should be made cheaper. Good work should be encouraged, reward should be given but there should be tax for doing harm. All these things should be visible at the social level.
Unbridled mining and then rampant population
In another research paper, economics professor Waring explains that human beings are not only genetic, but also cultural evolution is taking place. In clusters it becomes stronger and eventually causes environmental damage as resources are mined more than necessary. “We did computer simulations which found that the population was destroyed due to excessive use of resources,” he says. However, in some places populations could survive if they managed their local resources in a sustainable manner. The one who has the most sustainable development has the highest chance of survival, at least in theory.
‘Man brought destruction with him’
Only this can go ahead and if all the local resources are properly managed and the environment there is taken care of, then the whole system can flourish. “Unfortunately, we are in a race to use more, produce more and showcase our wealth,” says Waring. They fear that we are leading the earth to destruction for the sixth time. He says that even in history, when we spread out from Africa to different continents, it is believed that after a few thousand years, the giant creatures that already lived there became extinct.
Difficult to see but true climate change
One of the biggest challenges in the path to sustainable development is the uneven distribution of the role and impact of the problem. The average impact of every human on the environment in America is 20-25 times greater than in India. At the same time, there are also a large number of people who believe that there is no such thing as climate change. He thinks only the weather has changed and he will be fine. As the quality of human life improves, so does the exploitation of environmental resources. Many times the change caused by this is so slow that people’s lives go on, the effect is not visible. Therefore, there is a need to change the policies so that the thinking of the groups can be changed.
Get reward too, tax too
Professor Waring cites the example of a small state man in America, how the investment on fossil fuels there was abolished and this may be a small step but a decision taken for a whole group. If big economies, such as California adopt this, then a big change will be seen. It also takes into account the options available to the society and the economy to take such a step. People should try to elect such leaders at their level who can bring about major structural changes in this direction. Like tax on the basis of carbon cost, create social and political momentum, learn from places that are doing better.
need to understand responsibility
For example, over-hunting of fish severely damages the ecosystems of the oceans and oceans. Aquaculture or fisheries does not eliminate this problem from the root, but it gives responsibility to a group to take care of the resource given to it. The responsibility of its success or failure is also of a group. This gives us a closer look at our action and its impact, which shows where we have fallen behind in sustainable development.
don’t be late
There has to be pressure between institutions, between states, between companies, which can be taken up to the level of governments. According to Professor Waring, ‘We will need tougher international economic sanctions on companies and countries that do not take steps to help stop climate change.’ “The climate change crisis is huge and is only getting worse, at a rate we never thought was possible, and it is having an impact on climate everywhere,” Waring says. So if people don’t take it seriously now, it will have to be taken later but we can’t take it for long.
don’t have to take down army
Waring says that it may happen that sometimes countries become so serious about climate change that if the target is not met, it may be necessary to impose military sanctions. Instead of doing this in the future, we should create economic, political and social pressure today because that is the way.
[Attribution to NBT]