Expensive Mars Soil: NASA-ESA’s Mars mission of $ 9 billion, why is the soil of the Red Planet so valuable?

104
- Advertisement -

US space agency NASA’s rover Perseverance, launched in July last year, has started its work on Mars. However, Perserverance will not be alone in its mission to search for life. After collecting its samples, another mission will go to Mars to collect them and then the third mission will take this sample in space and drop it on Earth. The cost of these three missions will be $ 9 billion. After all, what is the reason behind this that the cost of Mars soil will be so high?

NASA Mars Sample Return Mission: American Space Agency NASA and European Space Agency ESA are working together to bring samples from Mars. The cost of this three-step mission will be more than $ 9 billion.

US space agency NASA’s rover Perseverance, launched in July last year, has started its work on Mars. However, Perserverance will not be alone in its mission to search for life. After collecting its samples, another mission will go to Mars to collect them and then the third mission will take this sample in space and drop it on Earth. The cost of these three missions will be $ 9 billion. After all, what is the reason behind this that the cost of Mars soil will be so high?

- Advertisement -

Mini-Lab’s Perseverance

A Business Insider report states that NASA has got $2.7 billion for Perseverance’s part. This in itself is a big cost because landing a rover on Mars is a challenge. So far only 40% of missions sent to Mars have been successful. Interestingly, this is where the story of a big victory begins and every step ahead will be absolutely essential to the success of the mission.

Perseverance has mobile labs, cameras, radars, X-rays, spectrometers, drills and even lasers to accurately observe the rocks of Mars. According to the report, the cost of high-resolution cameras is Rs 2 crore. It also has to withstand the icy temperatures of Mars. The rover will collect the samples and then work to preserve 3000 parts without any contamination for about 10 years.

How will the samples come back?

After this another rover will be sent to Mars. It will bring the sample tube inside the rocket it will go into. This rocket will need fuel to come back to Earth, which NASA wants to make on Mars because it will be difficult to take from Earth. The MOXIE device is installed in the Perseverance itself to produce the necessary oxygen for the fuel. With its help, the possibility of making oxygen for humans is also being explored in the future.

The third task will be a spacecraft which will be waiting for a rocket carrying samples from Mars. This spacecraft will take the sample and then with the help of electric propulsion will come towards the earth and leave the sample on the earth in an entry vehicle. The cost of these three missions will be $ 9 billion. Apart from this, the price of analysis is different after their return to earth.

Why spend so many resources?

In such a situation, the question arises that why is NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) spending so much money and resources? ESA will share the expenses in both subsequent missions. Actually, about 50 years ago, the Apollo mission brought samples from the moon, whose price for science is priceless. If samples can be brought from Mars after such a complex mission, then their cost may be higher, the price will be more than that – science has never seen before in the history of human civilization.

[Attribution to NBT]

- Advertisement -